The horse chestnut began its process of naturalisation in the UK after extensive planting by landscapers including Sir Christopher Wren – who planted a mile long pathway of the beautiful tree at Bushy Park, near Hampton Court. The wood of horse chestnut tends to be rather weak and for this reason has never been widely used. Trees in the genus Aesculus produce toxic, inedible nuts and have been planted as ornamentals throughout the U.S. and are sometimes incorrectly represented as an edible variety. 8. The Hundred-Horse Chestnut is the largest and oldest known chestnut tree in the world. Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Advantages of Distance Learning Compared to Face-to-Face Learning, Top 50 K-12 School Districts for Teachers in Georgia, Those Winter Sundays: Theme, Tone & Imagery. A magnificent oval headed tree with large leaves and deep pink flowers with yellow throats in upright clusters 10" or more in length. European chestnut tree is commonly called sweet chestnut to distinguish it from the horse chestnut to which it is distantly related. Rot Resistance: Horse chestnut has poor decay resistance, and is rated as non-durable to perishable. The edge of each teardrop-shaped leaflet is jagged like a steak knife. Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation. Its distinctive, rose-red, cone-shaped flower clusters bloom in May among the lustrous dark green leaves. Horse Chestnut botanically known as Aesculus hippocastanum is a medium to large deciduous tree. Chestnut trees have been cultivated for their starchy nuts for thousands of years. They are white with red and yellow specks and grow in bunches that look like upside down ice cream cones. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? But it actually got its name because people used to feed the tree's fruit to horses, thinking it would help them feel better. The horse chestnut is a shade and ornamental tree with an upright elliptical shape. Our Sweet Chestnut Tree facts and information page has all you need to know about the wonderful chestnut tree. People sometimes call these flower bunches candles because their blooms seem to brighten up the tree. This plant has some cultivated varieties. It has a broad, spreading crown. 4. Horse chestnut conkers are poisonous to most animals and will cause sickness if eaten. Horse chestnut trees are deciduous trees that got their name when people fed their fruit to horses; although people thought the fruit was good for the horses' health, it was actually poisonous. After a morning of running around, you decide it's time to find some shade and have a picnic. General info on Horsechestnut trees. The leaves are compound, made from five to seven oval leaflets that are joined in the center. What Is the Rest Cure in The Yellow Wallpaper? Features palmately compound leaves with 5-7 obovate leaflets that are 4–10" long and doubly serrated on the margins. 5. As the years progress, the increased infection around the full diameter of the trunk will cause the tree to produce less, or premature, yellow leaves and, eventually, die. With a name like ''horse chestnut tree'', you might think that this tree has something in common with a horse. It is a Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa, family Fagaceae). Horse chestnut trees often grow to be about 75 feet tall, which is almost the same as the length of a tennis court, though they can grow taller. In Illinois, Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) can be distinguished from native Aesculus spp. The horse chestnut tree is a tall tree that bears flowery panicles in spring which develop into full-blown fruits in fall. These trees have 5-7 jagged leaflets that make up each leaf and cone-shaped flower bunches that bloom in the spring and are sometimes called candles. Workability: Horse chestnut is generally easy to work, but it’s low density and interlocked grain can lead to fuzzy surfaces, similar to Aspen or Cottonwood. Center, fleshy husk of horse chestnut. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. 6. However, if you notice a tree in the early stages of infection, record it on the, Country Living, Part of the Hearst UK Fashion & Beauty Network. They will not do very well if their … A horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), also known as the horse-chestnut, buckeye, conker tree, or Spanish chestnut, is a large deciduous tree. Certain chemicals can be extracted from conkers to treat strains and bruises. Visit the Plants & Animals for Kids page to learn more. 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