Secondary effects? Milk thistle has been used as a traditional remedy for neurological conditions like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease for over two thousand years (13). When reported, side effects for milk thistle are generally gut disturbances like diarrhea, nausea or bloating. It’s been suggested that oxidative stress in the body may play a role in the development of acne (41). Silymarin is a flavonoid believed to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract. Some preliminary research has suggested that milk thistle may be as effective as the common medication fluoxetine in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Overall, more high-quality research is needed to define the doses and clinical effects of this fascinating herb. Milk thistle was approved in 1986 as a treatment for liver disease and it is widely used to treat alcoholic hepatitis, alcoholic fatty liver, cirrhosis, liver poisoning and viral hepatitis. Milk-Thistle Herb or Silybum marianum is herbal medicine which is useful in several disorders. Our Milk Thistle is not standardized to an exact amount (as it is made from pure dried natural herbs. Learn more about good herbs for hypertension, from basil to hawthorn. Thus, more studies are needed to determine what dose and length of treatment are needed for specific liver conditions (2, 11, 12). In fact, in studies where high doses were used for long periods, only about 1% of people experienced side effects (1). However, five of seven studies evaluating milk thistle for alcoholic liver disease found significant improvements in liver function. This is the part of milk thistle that may offer potential health benefits. Silybum marianum extract is a plant whose numerous segments, fundamentally a flavanolignan substance known as silymarin, have articulated cancer prevention agent and skin-quieting capacity. It contains a variety of lignans, including silandrin, silybin, silychristin, silydianin, silymarin, and silymonin. However, there are currently no human studies, so its effectiveness remains unclear. However, as this is the only study, more high-quality research is needed. Our impartial buyers guide lets you know what to look out for to get the best products. Here are 13 remedies for acne that you can try at home. One reported effect of milk thistle is that it can boost breast milk production in lactating mothers. Silymarin also seems to encourage liver cell growth. Gaertn.) Botanically, it’s known as Silybum marianum. Additionally, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of milk thistle may also be useful for reducing the risk of developing diabetic complications like kidney disease (43). Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. It may also make chemotherapy work more effectively against certain cancers and, in some circumstances, even destroy cancer cells (9, 29, 30, 31). Where to buy Milk Thistle? The incidence is … They are seen in very high numbers in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s disease, meaning that milk thistle could potentially be used to help treat this difficult condition (21). Here is a detailed look at fatty liver, as well as some strategies to help resolve it. It can benefits adrenal disorders and inflammatory bowel syndrome. Here are 7 science-based benefits of milk thistle. None of the studies compared milk thistle with interferon or other medications for viral hepatitis. Mild gastrointestinal distress is the most common adverse event reported for milk thistle. Amyloid plaques are sticky clusters of amyloid proteins that can build up between nerve cells as you age. 2. Hepatitis. Due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, milk thistle may be a useful supplement for people with acne. USES: Milk thistle has been used for diabetes in combination with standard treatment. Acne is a common skin condition that affects many people around the world. Some found improvements in liver enzyme activity while others failed to detect these benefits. It usually develops slowly over a number of years and causes weak and fragile bones that break easily, even after minor falls. Milk thistle was less effective for those with severe liver disease such as cirrhosis. Protecting the liver when taking strong drugs or medicine. More About Milk Thistle Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Share on Pinterest Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver However, this review also noted that the quality of the studies was not very high, so more studies are needed before it’s possible to make any firm recommendations (44). Antioxidants are thought to protect body cells from damage caused by a chemical process called oxidation. In test-tube and animal studies, silymarin has been shown to prevent oxidative damage to brain cells, which could help prevent mental decline (16, 17). Alcoholic hepatitis, alcoholic fatty liver, cirrhosis, liver poisoning and viral hepatitis. Always take care when taking herbs and Read Our Disclaimer. Men who have prostate cancer should not take milk thistle without the approval of a doctor. Dosage of Milk Thistle? RFI Media Ltd | Please do not copy our content without permission | Website by Hallnet. Milk thistle is one of the most commonly used medicinal plants in the world and is also the number one recommended natural herb for liver health. Milk Thistle, also known as Silybum marianum, is a flowering herb of the Asteraceae family (which also includes sunflowers and daisies) that may help support balanced levels of oxidation. Milk thistle has been shown in experimental test-tube and animal studies to stimulate bone mineralization and potentially be protective against bone loss (22, 23). Medicinal properties? Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. More research is needed to confirm these results and the safety of milk thistle for breastfeeding mothers (38, 39, 40). It’s regularly used as a complementary therapy by people who have liver damage due to conditions like alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hepatitis and even liver cancer (1, 5, 6). Lowering cholesterol. Blessed milk thistle,Cardui mariae, Carduus marianum, Holy Thistle, Lady's Thistle, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel, Mary Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, Our Lady's Thistle, Silimarina, Silybin, Silybum, Silymarin, St. Mary Thistle, Wild Artichoke, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. viral hepatitis) and the extract, silymarin, is used in medicine. Silybum marianum is by far the more widely known species. Its therapeutic properties are due to the presence of silymarin, a mixture of three flavonolignans (silybin, silydianin and silycristin). You can improve your brain health with the right diet. Although more research is needed on how it works, milk thistle is thought to reduce damage to the liver caused by free radicals, which are produced when your liver metabolizes toxic substances. Native to Mediterranean countries, the Milk Thistle plant is noted for its red or … In Europe, milk thistle is a prescribed medication. The plant originates from mountains of the Mediterranean region, where it forms scrub on a rocky base. Despite the fact that milk thistle is widely used in the treatment of hepatitis (particularly hepatitis C), results from four viral hepatitis studies were contradictory. Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. Silymarin marianum is a plant whose many components, primarily a flavanolignan chemical known as silymarin, have pronounced antioxidant and skin-calming ability. One animal study found that silymarin (an active compound in milk thistle) worked as effectively as the cholesterol-lowering drug probucol, with the additional benefit of substantially increasing HDL ("good") cholesterol. Milk Thistle can be used in the management of several liver disorders such as cirrhosis. The fruit and seeds of the milk thistle plant have been used for hundreds of years as a herbal remedy for some liver problems. Buying Herbs and supplements online offers convenience and greater choice but you need to be vigilant. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a relative of dandelion and regular artichoke. Milk Thistle Benefits and Uses Liver Cirrhosis. It’s been discovered that one of the compounds in milk thistle may work similarly to some diabetic medications by helping improve insulin sensitivity and decrease blood sugar (43). Recent research has explored the use of milk thistle. A European standardized extract of milk thistle was used in most of the trials. Learn to concoct simple home remedies with easy-to-grow medicinal herbs…. However, the results from studies have been mixed, and not all have found milk thistle extract to have a beneficial effect on liver disease. This may be because people aren’t able to absorb enough to get a medicinal effect. By changing the outside layer of liver cells, it also prevents certain toxins from getting inside. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a perennial herb believed to have medicinal properties. Read on to learn more about what milk thistle is, its supposed benefits, and the side effects and safety of Silybum marianum. This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignans, helps repair liver cells damaged by alcohol and other toxic substances by stimulating protein synthesis. This plant derives its name from its large white veins and big prickly leaves. Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum): benefits and virtues of Milk Thistle? What are the Health Benefits and Uses of Milk-Thistle Seeds? A 14-day treatment with Silitidil (25-200 mg/kg, per os), a standardized extract of Silybum marianum fruits (milk thistle), increased, in a dose depen … It’s also used to protect the liver against toxins like amatoxin, which is produced by the death cap mushroom and is deadly if ingested (7, 8). The Silybum marianum plant goes by many different names, including Scotch thistle, holy thistle, Mary thistle, variegated thistle, and milk thistle. Health Benefits of Milk Thistle. It has also been shown to protect the liver against medications such as acetaminophen, a non-aspirin pain reliever. However, this is the only clinical study available. Health benefits. This herb benefits adrenal disorders and inflammatory bowel syndrome, and is used to treat psoriasis (increases bile flow). The following purported benefits are only supported by limited, low-quality clinical studies. Fatty liver disease affects about 25% of people globally. In fact, in cases of poisoning with Amanita mushrooms, which destroy the liver, milk thistle is the only treatment option. As a result, researchers suggest that milk thistle may be a useful therapy for preventing or delaying bone loss in postmenopausal women (24, 25). © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The Properties of Milk Thistle Silybum marianum is the more technical name for milk thistle. Milk thistle is a wild, commonly found plant with wide range of possible health benefits. Milk thistle for Cancer. In fact, it has traditionally been used to treat liver and gallbladder disorders, promote breast milk production, prevent and treat cancer and even protect the liver from snake bites, alcohol and other environmental poisons. Those with the mildest form of the disease appeared to improve the most. While not dangerous, it can cause scars. Moreover, it’s unclear whether milk thistle is well enough absorbed in people to allow adequate amounts to pass through the blood-brain barrier. It has been observed to relieve acid reflux, nausea and/or vomiting. It has been studied for use in allergic rhinitis, asthma, cancer treatment–related adverse effects, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, dyslipidemia, and thalassemia; however clinical trials supporting these uses are limited. 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