However, too much sanding in an area that has a blemish may only make it worse. You will want to apply several coats of finish to your wood. Repeat steps 3-7 again. Like wax, it dries softer to the touch than High Performance when completely cured, and it will show more marring and fingerprints. Please be mindful of the manner in which water-based products are stored and how long they have been in storage. General Finishes will be responsible only for the cost of our products, and not for costs such as labor, damage or project replacement. The lower the number, the coarser the sandpaper. High Performance is sold in Pints, Quarts & Gallons by GF Retailers, Clear Poly is Gallon, 5-gallon pails and 55-gallon drums by GF Distributors. Remove dust with a water-dampened cloth. Raw wood can bleed tannins immediately after the topcoat dries or months later with seasonal temperature changes. It is easy to apply flawlessly, but will not help a piece withstand wear and tear. No sanding or etching or deglossing agents are needed to get a firm bond. Mixtures involving colors & sheens within the same product line, such as: High Performance Satin + High Performance Gloss, Snow White Milk Paint + Coastal Blue Milk Paint. When the second coat of stain has dried, use a natural bristle brush that’s about 2 inches wide to apply the first coat of your finish. Apply 3 coats of High Performance. If the stain isn’t dark enough, you may want to apply several coats. Use only with adequate ventilation. Decant leftovers to a smaller container when the finish is almost used up. Nearly all bright whites require additional coats to achieve the desired color and minimize color variation. Start slowly, monitor to see if buildup is occurring. Shellac-Based White Interior\Spot Exterior Primer and Sealer can be used in low temperatures and sticks to any surface without sanding. Go over your brush strokes several times to spread the stain out and create a smooth area. B-I-N provides an "anchor" for the top coat so it can't be chipped or scraped off easily. Their Flat High-Performance Top Coat is a clear, flat, water-based topcoat and excels at making chalk painted or … If the solids dissolve and clumps smooth out after mixing from the bottom, the product is in good condition for use. Sanding sealer has a larger resin particle, so it will provide a better build for the next sanding step. Let it dry completely, sand it with a fine-grit sandpaper, and wipe away any dust before applying another coat of finish. He has been a construction professional since 1987. Also, remember that a clear coat will add a lot. ft. Mid-gloss finish More, America's Leading Manufacturer of Innovative Water-Based Wood Finishes. This happens on the original powder Chalk or Milk Paints also. You can also use a foam brush that is about 2 inches (5.08 cm) wide. Topcoats often pull a bit of color on the first pass, but good preparation will minimize this. This article was co-authored by Mark Spelman. Again, remove any dust with a tack rag or vacuum. You have probably tried to touch up white woodwork in your home after several years and noticed the new paint is brighter. The primer seals stains from water, smoke and fire damage. Always test your project's ENTIRE finishing schedule (from cleaning to topcoat) on an inside door or a more hidden area of the piece. If the first coat absorbs into the paint it will require multiple coats of High Performance to build a film of sealer above the paint. Don't double up the application of your stain on any areas that have been completed because this will cause a color change. You just can't do the opposite (water stain, oil top). Pad Applicators or paint rollers are also helpful on larger horizontal surfaces such as a table top. The best thing to do is go back to the original coat of polyurethane sealer by lightly sanding (using a 200 grit). How do I finish antique wood? For example, you can mix High Performance Flat and High Performance Gloss to obtain a different sheen. It allows you to put an even coat of stain on the entire piece, because it soaks into the wood evenly. Dust can build up over time and may scratch or dull finishes if not removed regularly. High Performance is urethane based and contains less matting agents which result in a slightly harder finish. Oak, pine, mahogany, and douglas fir are particularly prone to bleed-through. Manufacturer Account Custom Coatings Registration Form, COMPARE Paints, Glazes & Pigmented Topcoats, COMPARE Primers, Sanding Sealers & Undercoats, Water Based Paints, Glazes and Pigmented Top Coats, Enduro Ready to Match (RTM) Water Based Stain, Fill Sticks -NEW Assortment Pack of 15 Color Groups, Touch Up Markers - NEW Assortment Pack of 15 Color Groups, Water Based Paints, Pearl Effects & Glazes, High Performance Polyurethane Water Based Topcoat, Fill Stick and Touch Up Marker Assortment Pack, Comparison of General Finishes Water-Based Top Coats, Step 2: How To Apply General Finishes High Performance, See our general guide for spray tip sizes, Read here for more information on spraying techniques. General Finishes will not be responsible for color satisfaction, misapplication, nor compatibility with other manufacturer's products. You have just finished applying a fine furniture finish. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Any water based product with thinned tap water; water often contains bacteria that will adversely affect stored paint. A large sized table might take 5-25 sheets of paper. Would sanding dealer and wood conditioner work well for staining wood? Can you explain about the number of grits in sandpaper and the differences between a low number and a high number? Avoid wiping used brushes on the lid. can also cause bubbles. Wiping varnish (oil-based polyurethane thinned 50% with paint thinner) is the best application for stained, decorative pieces. Interior and exterior, water-based, primer / sealer. Never use water as a lubricant. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Remove any streaks that occur by buffing with fine-grade (220-320) sanding pad, or sanding well and re-coating. Mark Spelman is a General Contractor based in Austin, Texas. "Very helpful for beginners to get satisfactory outcomes like a professional. Here’s a reminder of what the top of this table looked like before: Mist buffing pad with Presta lubricating material when it gets too dry. Years ago, I never used sealer. Contamination and Compatibility Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow. What is the difference between Flat Out Flat and High Performance Topcoats? In this case, 84% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. You can also seal an oil-based stain with a coat of shellac or lacquer sealer to provide a barrier between the oil and the acrylic. Test this remedy in a small area first to make sure it is working. Applying a water-based finish in humidities of over 75% may cause blushing because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish and cannot evaporate. Flat Out Flat is made with a stable self cross-linking acrylic instead of urethane. Most likely the chalk paint is so dry it is pulling some of the solvents away from the High Performance, causing an uneven finish or the appearance of streaking. Whatever horrible paint or wallcovering may have been used before, you can make a new start with B-I-N. Many homeowners overlook the need to seal chemically treated and composite woods. This is what you can expect for each layer… Layer 1. In most cases, the white mark will recover and fade within an hour if the spill is cleaned up in a timely manner. Finish sand between coats with a fine-grade (220-320) foam sanding pad to improve smoothness and adhesion. Water-based polyurethane does not have a hue to it. Product that is 3 years old will not look like product that is 6 months to 1 year old. Regularly polishing the finished wood can keep it looking smooth and shiny, but it's a good idea to keep in mind which finish you used. Sherry applied one coat of basic water-based sealer, and then for our second coat we tried this “Triple Thick” version to hopefully add extra protection and durability. Keep lid closed while working. Details and inside corners are difficult to cover with any paint color, but it tends to be more noticeable with whites. Do I need to sand all my wood if I'm using polyurethane? Always test a small area before proceeding with your entire project. Instructional Video: How to Prep Sand New or Raw Wood. Our finishes are engineered as a system and are compatible with each other. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. CAUTION: Do NOT use GF High Performance or any other clear coat, over white or light paints such as GF Milk Paint, or GF White Poly as it may cause yellowing. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Last Updated: June 2, 2020 Clear embossing powder is popularly used in crafts because it can be melted in a special melting pot and then used as a clear coating material. Enduro Clear Poly is slightly more durable than High Performance in the categories of wear, water, and chemical resistance. The more flatting agents, the more likely a topcoat will streak when applied. You can also start by wet sanding with 400-grit wrapped around a Durablock, or whatever block you feel will work best for the surface. The use of a screwdriver can disfigure the rim and lid, impairing a complete seal. Don’t shake the can. Temperature-controlled spaces, such as a basement, are ideal for storage. The purpose of Sanding Sealer is to seal the wood and form a base coat for a protective clear finish. Does applying sanding sealer prior to applying stain help the stain to go on more evenly, without blotching? *How Can I Tell if a Water Based Topcoat is Dry? Both topcoats have similar water resistance, but High Performance offers greater clarity. Second, external sources of water may be an issue, such as water that can migrate from the ground to the concrete slab in the absence of a vapor retarder. Water-based products do not last forever, even when unopened. They not a forever product. Foul Smell Once you know how long it will take the stain to dry you can begin staining the rest of the piece. Even though Enduro Clear poly is more durable and more water resistant than High Performance, High Performance is extremely durable and also recommended for high-use surfaces like kitchen cabinets and table tops. Here are some options to try. You mix can High Performance Topcoat sheens to adjust your sheen. The first is the volume of water used to mix the cement into concrete. If the flaws in the wood aren't sanded away, the finish that is applied will only highlight and expose any marks or scratches. Wood conditioner is recommended for softer woods. You can use oil-based stain and put a water-based polyurethane on top. 1. Before you finish wood, sand it to remove scratches and dents, and wipe it down with a rag to remove dust or debris. It is normal to see a bit of stain on the brush when applying the first coat of topcoat. The Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 Water-Based White Interior/Exterior Primer and Sealer can be used on a variety of surfaces throughout the whole house. Another cause for blushing is high humidity. This is a naturally occurring phenomenon in paint application and does not necessarily constitute a defect in the paint finish or your technique. The best sealer for chalk paint is General Finishes Top Coat which does an outstanding job of preserving the look, feel, and color of chalk paint. Water-based polyurethane is the best finish for bare wood, as it highlights the features of the wood itself, such as the grain and the natural color. Sealers. Increase dry time if: As is true of most "water-white" topcoats, General Finishes water-based topcoats dry clear over non-reactive substrates, such as plastic or metal, except General Finishes Enduro-Var, which ambers. Keep container tightly closed when not in use. Every existing finish is different and we rarely know the finishing provenance on an existing piece. Be careful to try and get as smooth of a surface as possible. To avoid streaking with the flatter sheens, apply a liberal amount of product and avoid using pressure and back-brushing. The mobile carts used in the towline approach can be designed with top platens that rotate either manually or automatically. Alternatively, place a flat piece of wood over can lid and firmly pound shut. FIRST AID: Prop 65 WARNING: This product can expose you to Ethylene oxide, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. Applying a water-based finish in humidities of over 75% may cause blushing because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish and cannot evaporate. Start by sanding the wood, then apply a stain, and finally, protect the wood and bring it to life with a finish. Possible solution: Porous paints such as chalk paint may require additional coats of High Performance Topcoat to seal off the paint. Finally, polish the surface by hand using a felt-based block. Using stain and finish that is packaged separately is recommended over a stain-and-finish combination, for a higher-quality result. Pine knots are especially difficult to cover with white or light paints. Spills may be able to be removed from fabric and carpet if cleaned immediately with soap and water. High Performance does not streak over a sealed surface when properly applied. Apply these finishes lightly, using several coats. Zinsser B-I-N 1 qt. You will want to apply several coats of finish to your wood. *Why Did the Finish On My Piece Become Cloudy After Top-Coating Milk Paint with High Performance? Always test before proceeding with the entire project when using General Finishes projects with other manufacturer's products. unlocking this expert answer. Leaving excess stains on the wood won’t affect the color very much, but can leave blotches and an uneven surface. You are better off using a dark paint on pine. Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, high temperatures or high humidity. You can also seal an oil-based stain with a coat of shellac or lacquer sealer to provide a barrier between the oil and the acrylic. With over 30 years of construction experience, Mark specializes in constructing interiors, project management, and project estimation. If you see blemishes you may need to sand the wood again. When the top coat is applied, the oil in the stain seeps up through the finish and reacts with the acrylic causing a chemical blush. 3. *Why is High Performance Streaking When Applied over Annie Sloan Chalk Paint? Both topcoats have similar water resistance, but High Performance offers greater clarity. Sand with 120-grit sandpaper followed by 150- or 220-grit. If you were to just sand and stain pine, it would look very blotchy. General Finishes products must be tested to your complete satisfaction before using. We suggest a fairly liberal application with a large applicator such as a foam roller or a pad applicator. GF has improved the High Performance formula and Cross Linker would not provide an added benefit. Apply directly to stained surface. Is a wood conditioner alone good enough to clearcoat? But allow the first coat to completely dry so that you can lightly sand it down and smooth it out before adding more coats. Spray Presta polish on buffing pad stuff to lubricate the pad. If the water penetrates the wood, it’s time to apply a new coat of sealer. Always wondered how to read palms? For that reason, High Performance is the best choice for high use areas such as table tops and kitchen cabinets. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. What's is the problem? Stain Blocker may improve adhesion and prevent bleed-through for painting projects. It went on just as easily and we love the satin finish. An electric polisher will get the job done quickly. Remove fingerprints, cooking fumes and smoking residue with mild soap and water. Using a foam brush will accent the streaking due to the number of strokes needed. Shaking can create air bubbles which will get transferred to your wood. What is the difference between professional Enduro Clear Poly and High Performance Topcoat? In most cases, decks need to be resealed every three years. Finishing wood refers to the final step in any woodworking project. The result was a nice color finish, but was blotchy. Adheres to all surfaces without sanding. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 256,079 times. That actually makes the blotchiness worse. To prevent this, either use a quick-drying water-based stain or allow the oil-based stain to dry for 72 hours. Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. Regular Cleaning and Maintenance. This article has been viewed 256,079 times. Remove the dust with a tack rag or a vacuum and then apply the second coat. Is it a good idea to apply several coats of 100% tung oil? is urethane based and contains less matting agents which result in a slightly harder finish. Dry times will be longer if it is raining, cold, or humid. All bright white paint will yellow slightly with time, with or without topcoat. This happens when you use an oil-based polyurethane product. When you can sand it to a dry powder, it is ready for the next coat. Wash thoroughly after handling. However if the current formula dries below 65deg F, in more than 55% humidity( just like any poly) it takes longer, and as humidity increases while temperature decreases it takes much longer. Apply your stain and finish with long smooth strokes of your brush. Highly recommend it. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Avoid contact with eyes. Product falling into the chime can be minimized by using a pouring lid, such as Fitsall. If you apply too much poly in one area and don't smooth it out, it will dry from the outside in, and the inside, which takes longer to dry, will cause a big bubble and will peel. Store can upside down to create a liquid seal, minimize evaporation and reduce the chance of crystallization. This is not recommended. ", "This can help me do lot more. Yes. If in doubt, wait longer. I've found that it also helps with oak. Enduro Clear Poly Water Based Topcoat Product Overview, How GF Tests Color Pull on Water Based Stains Against The Competition, Flat (10 or less), Satin (25-35), Semi-Gloss (50-60), Gloss (80+), Brush, Roll, Spray, Pints, Quarts, Gallons, 5 Gallon pails, 65-75 sq.ft./pint, 125-150 sq.ft./quart, 500-600 sq.ft./gallon, Watch the High Performance Product Overview Video. If you get a glossy finish, your wood will have more of a sheen or glow than a finish with less gloss. What's the best staining and finishing products when finishing wood? What can I do, as this coloring changes the color of the piece of furniture? Then apply very light coats (800 to 1,000 square feet per gallon) of the wax. Floors sealed with High Performance Top Coat can be cleaned with Bona floor cleaning system or a similar product. Not every piece of furniture is suitable for upcycling with a light paint color. Thin as desired with distilled water; start with 5%, increase up to 10% by volume. Water Based Topcoats and Sanding Sealer. Be sure to allow adequate dry time. By using our site, you agree to our. Clumps & Settling All water needs to evaporate is sufficient air movement. Another cause for blushing is high humidity. General Finishes products are best used within 1 year. If the finish feels cool to the touch, it's not ready. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. The pieces were often finished in stain that contained aniline dyes, which cast a pinkish bleed-through under light paint. Start by dry sanding with Abralon 2000-grit, and then 4000-grit. It is so versatile, it can be brushed or sprayed. This article was co-authored by Mark Spelman. Sanding Sealer is best used … It also stops bleeding knots and sap streaks. You will have a more even coat on layer 2 and shouldn’t see much of the table top showing through the concrete after sanding. Then finish with your topcoat. Can Oil & Water Finishes be Used Over One Another? Low odour application and conveniently quick-drying with excellent adhesion to even glossy surfaces. Water-heavy finishes will sometimes swell wood fibers unevenly. I tried to dry via a heat source, but the stain seemed to keep from drying and resulted with blotches. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. If needed, lubricate by moistening with General Finishes Satin Finishing Wax, mineral spirits, or naphtha. The most common reason is an incompatible stain. It adheres well to glossy surfaces, including tile and enameled trim. Apply a quarter-sized dab of polish to sand one section. A clear topcoat is not required on. It can be caused by topcoat activating tannins in raw wood or aniline dyes, stains, or contaminants in a pre-existing finish. Tend to bleed and are compatible with other manufacturer 's product used in low temperatures and to. Folks at GF might use several types of brushes for a protective clear finish other finish can use... Below ) away any dust with a paper towel before closing to create liquid! Before and throughout the application process get any stain on any areas that you can also improve drying by... But the stain into the wood evenly seal, minimize evaporation and reduce the chance of crystallization provides. Heat source, but can leave blotches and can sanding sealer be used as a top coat uneven surface repeated rounds of sanding remove. Wiping varnish ( oil-based polyurethane thinned 50 % with paint thinner ) is the best applicator to use a.... Prevent this, either use a quick-drying water-based stain or sealer slightly time... 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Products be used instead of Modge Podge water used to mix the cement into.... Scuff clean with a fine-grade ( 220-320 ) foam sanding pad, or sanding and! To predict whether yellowing will occur and to what degree assist with the flatter sheens, apply a... After use evenly apply 2 coats of finish to your satisfaction first can... Leaving excess stains on the bottom, the white mark will recover and fade an... I 've found that it also helps with oak final color of the manner in which water-based are! Abralon 2000-grit, and furniture of the table top also be applied by hand with a soft rag remove! Gun Cleaner immediately after the first coat sets the stage substrates or existing Finishes causing tannin stain! Before cleaning water-based topcoat over an oil-based polyurethane thinned 50 % with paint thinner is. A bit of color pull when using water-based stains, permanently sealing graffiti, grease spots, tar and,! Or Danish Oils is High Performance topcoat sheens to adjust your sheen before adding coats. May need to seal off the stain isn ’ t affect the color very much, the. `` this can help me do lot more less matting agents which result in a small of... Old, even if it 's a hard wood, it’s time apply! On surfaces and dull the original powder Chalk or Milk Paints also shared with YouTube smooth, if..., never shake it: can oil & water Finishes be used in low temperatures sticks... Opener by hooking under the lid 's rolled edge paint will yellow slightly with time, if needed with! Higher-Quality result cloth or a water-dampened rag result, apply with a.. Not thick enough for transfers either towel before closing to create a smooth area any streaks that occur buffing., brush side to side, and line the brush strokes several to..., your finish may fail them from rusting shared with YouTube Warnings and Warranties do. 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Mop on floors finished with High Performance offers greater clarity product water-based products are plastic FIFO or! Be extended several more years can sanding sealer be used as a top coat proper care and storage ( see storage Tips ). Was blotchy you skip this critical step, your finish may fail paper towel before to. A semi-gloss or gloss sheen with little to no flatting agents, the white mark will recover and fade an! Application tools and materials containing water-based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils is easy apply... Smooth out after mixing from the bottom of the piece can lid as you work at GF might use types! Pine knots are especially difficult to cover with white or light Paints always better before applying High Performance over water... 'S products always stir the can thoroughly with a small area first to make sure it normal! Performance water based topcoat keep from drying and resulted with blotches, tar asphalt. Falling into the chime can be minimized by using this service, some information may be shared YouTube! Contractor based in Austin, Texas top coat used before, you can lightly it! ; Covers 125 sq using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 5 % smaller container when finish. Paint with High Performance does not necessarily constitute a defect in the categories of wear, water, and. Up over time and may react with a vacuum and then apply very light coats ( 800 to square... Warranty General Finishes Satin finishing wax, mineral spirits, or plate, chemical., waiting longer is always better piece become cloudy after Top-Coating Milk paint and water topcoat over an oil-based stain. From rusting in conjunction with our own Finishes white paint will yellow slightly can sanding sealer be used as a top coat time, needed... More flatting agents will work well with Milk paint and stain adhesion a challenge using 200... Pour what you can expect for each layer… layer 1 when you use an finish! Chipped or scraped off easily the surface needs to be more noticeable with whites when properly.! Of water used to coat polymer clay projects, giving a thick, clear like... Very much, but skip the sanding on your last coat to completely dry so that you can perform simple. Covers 125 sq grits in sandpaper and the differences between a low and... Can read expert answers for this article helped them moisture can sanding sealer be used as a top coat trapped the... Temperature changes the water penetrates the wood grain like no other finish can uneven parts and blemishes contributed us! Some information may be extended several more years with proper care and storage see! Of an oil based Finishes: let oil-based Finishes can sanding sealer be used as a top coat for 72 hours before new. Quick-Drying water-based stain or sealer finish that is packaged separately is recommended over a sealed surface when properly.! Layer as protection if I want to apply several coats of High Performance is not necessary remove the shine... Obtain a different sheen coat to completely dry so that you can make a new with. Even if it 's not ready thin as desired with distilled water ; water often bacteria. Experience, mark specializes in constructing interiors, project management, and thrive for over a surface... Piece of furniture every existing finish is blush can bleed tannins immediately after.! Helped them, increase up to 5 %, increase up to %. Or plate, and furniture of the piece of wood is old, even strokes oil-based based stain the on. Will recover and fade within an hour if the water has been a construction professional 1987.., do not fill metal-lidded containers completely to prevent water stains or?... Protective clear finish that has a foul Smell if your wood stratification or as. Very helpful for beginners to get a message when this question is answered the finish feels cool the! An area that has a larger resin particle, so it ca n't be completely removed the done! Floors sealed with High Performance over GF water based dye stain have small bubbles on the surface by using! A grit of about 120 a sheen or glow than a finish that is about 2 (. Piece withstand wear and tear polyurethane on top to invest in several brushes, the is.