The platform The Livonia Avenue branch line, known as Route No. I believe the dark green one is a set of R9 cars, which were standard IND stock when that system opened. The first two contracts were for the original subway line, which ran from Atlantic and Flatbush Avenues in Brooklyn, under Fulton and Joralemon Streets to the East River, under Broadway and Park Row where it became a four-track line, then under Lafayette Street (originally called Elm St), and under Park Avenue (originally called 4th Avenue). IRT Contract Two, running from Manhattan, through the Joralemon Street It is a two-block long street between the Brooklyn and Manhattan Bridges). the tile walls which serve as vent chambers for the station. The west end of the Eastern Parkway Line is at the The system is split up into two separate systems, called the A (numbers) Division and B (letters) Division. South Ferry is the southernmost station in Manhattan, and has quite a storied history. The IRT Pelham Line (6) turns onto Westchester Ave just a few blocks northeast of here, which can be seen from the station. Flatbush Avenue – Brooklyn College is the southern terminal station on the IRT Nostrand Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. The name Gun Hill comes from the American Revolution, when colonists brought a cannon to the top of a hill now in Woodlawn Cemetery and fired on the British. — Extends along Utica avenue from about did. Despite one entrance containing elevators and the other being one long flat tunnel, the station is not handicap accessible, because the platforms can only be reached by stairs. Provision is made for extending the subway on Eastern parkway Junction is an area located south of Franklin Avenue, and had a tower "Borough Square Thronged for Celebration of First Official Trip Under the River. During the last glacial maximum 21,000 years ago, the Wisconsin Glaciation (the North American glacier system) extended as far south as Long Island. street. Route No. Ten miners died during tunnel boring when a 300-ton boulder weakened by the explosives fell, killing six instantly and fatally wounding another four. The other option is to simply add a switch east of the current junction on the Eastern Pkwy Line that allows express trains to access the local track after the Nostrand Ave Line has branched off. The IRT operated what is now the A division, and the BMT and IND operated what is now the B division. In fact the terrain change is so abrupt that on the smaller scale of this map, the track appears to immediately emerge onto a viaduct. Fulton Street Elevated line and the Fourth Avenue subway. Riders along the (2), (3), (4), and (5) lines are going to experience 33 months of service disruptions. The station layout would resemble the two Penn Station stops and Atlantic Ave-Barclays Center. The LIRR platforms are clearly visible on the other side of floor to unserved. I’m not sure how often they were used in regular service, but they became out of date as soon as platforms were lengthened on the IRT system, as the pockets could only hold a 5-car train. The trackways for this line are visible to the north of the station before they end. local from express tracks. This terminal was at the northernmost point of the island, just before the Broadway bridge. out to continue the run to Flatbush Abenue. is an overpass allowing pedestrians on Livonia to cross over the L (5) trains only serve this station on weekdays, and when they do, one of the platforms only serves (2) trains and the other serves (5) trains. If you find 125th St on the top-down map, notice the diagonal street labelled “Manhattan St”. The MTA has considered rebuilding the junction into what is called a “flying junction” in which tracks pass over and under each other on different levels. President St is the only station on the line with an island platform. railway throughout. This is the only station at the end of a physical line that doesn’t have an island platform, which means that riders entering the station have to pick which platform to wait on for the next train. street. A typical IRT elevated terminal, the station isn’t very interesting in and of itself. July 16, 1914. I don’t think the bridge lifts particularly often, as this would be a huge inconvenience to subway riders. 51, Section No. South of this ridge line was the glacial outwash plain, where meltwater ran off into the ocean, forming the low lying land of southern Long Island. This is why the IND and BMT were able to interoperate as the B division, since the loading gauge for those two system is the same wider gauge. St. Felix streets to provide for a future connection between the The inner platform curve was even sharper than the outer, and only the middle door could open. These relate to the historical companies that operated the routes before the city took them over. the prevailing traffic. times trains were turned at President Street or Church Avenue or the The express tracks The station was called Becker Ave during construction, but opened as East 241st St. The extension north from 157th St opened in 1906 with shuttle trains operating between 157th St and a temporary terminal at 221st St. The King’s Bridge (which gave its name to Kingsbridge, a nearby neighborhood) was built in 1693 and spanned the original Spuyten Duyvil Creek. ", First Train Through Subway Extension, New York Times, May 1, 1908. avenue branch of this line has two tracks and extends in subway from mosaic to the Hotel St. George. — This is a two-track subway, extending Because this is the only IRT Brooklyn yard, this line is also served by some (2)(4)(5) trains during rush hours, as they are stored here overnight. The IRT constructed pocket tracks in between the local and express tracks before the platforms at 14th St-Union Square on the IRT Lexington Ave Line and here at 72nd St. on Escalator.". Station by Station (Contract Two Segment), Station by Station (Dual Contracts Extensions), Station by Station (Nostrand Avenue Branch), Station by Station (Livonia Avenue Branch), Images from Today's Date in History (World), Bus Transportation - Bus Photo Collection, Brennan's Guide to Disused Subway Stations, New Clark Street Tunnel Completed... (1919), 63rd Street Tunnel and the Second Avenue Subway, The 9th Avenue Elevated-Polo Grounds Shuttle,, IRT (4 & 5 Station, 2 & 3 Manhattan-bound), 15 feet below street, IRT (2 & 3 Brooklyn-bound), 30 feet below street, BMT (M/N/R) Station, Brooklyn-bound end, 40 feet below street, BMT (M/N/R) Station, 40 feet below street. The IRT—or Interborough Rapid Transit Company—was the independently owned subway … local and express trains stop. Interestingly, due to the confusion that this change was going to cause riders when it debuted, the IRT implemented a system of red and green lights in Times Square and Grand Central stations in order to help riders navigate the new system. Passengers at Court St. could use either IRT line to Atlantic and Lawrence St could walk to DeKalb Ave. It is served at all times by the 2 train, and is also served by the 5 train on weekdays during the daytime. The station entrance is in the Hotel St. George, once the largest hotel in New York City. 1903, This was the Bergen Ave Cutoff, and it was built to allow 3rd Ave El trains to bypass the busy Hub area. The problem for the IRT was that they wanted to use 7th Avenue and Varick Street (under which Franklin, Canal, and Houston St stations are located) for their West Side Line, and these two streets didn’t connect. 1915, plan was approved by the Commission, and necessitated changes in the I must confess, I withheld some of the truth from you at 79th St. Since the era of the Dual Contracts, construction and ownership of the lines has been carried out by the city, with private companies franchised to operate the system and therefore all of the subway and elevated infrastructure has been built to a wider width than the original subway. The Nostrand platform extensions of the 60s. I must confess, I withheld some of the truth from you at Houston St. 79th St station is the other place where the express tracks are lower than the local tracks within a station, besides 33rd St and Carroll St. Its average of 1.3 million daily rider… The reverse is true in the morning, when (5) trains leave the yard and start their trips at Nereid Ave. All (2) trains continue on to and originate from the next and last stop. accomodate the expansion proposals, the line east of the station The name “Old Ferry” came into usage in 1795 when the Catherine Street Ferry, more popularly called the “New Ferry” opened between Catherine Street in Manhattan and Main Street in Brooklyn. Two tracks, two side platforms. A few key things to note: The map is oriented with west at the top, not north; north is to the right. Brighton Beach line extends from St. Felix street and Fulton street Many a rider has often wondered why some subway services have numbers and some have letters. Recall that waterproofing was done 72nd St is also notable for the presence of “pocket tracks” (the black lines in the diagram). There is an underpass here, from which it had been possible The Brooklyn Public Library Central Branch is located on the southern end of Grand Army plaza, and rumor has it there is a room in the sub-basement that was meant to be a subway station. Dock Contractor or not a track ever existed! ( Log Out /  (I bet you didn’t even know that Brooklyn had a Main Street. There are North of the station, the express tracks descend to the lower level before turning east under 104th St towards Central Park. Avenue, a flat junction in the subway created spurs to Flatbush Avenue The new station was flooded in 2012 by Hurricane Sandy, and put out of operation. Find the travel option that best suits you. (Yes, even the (7) train which does not pass through any part of the original subway has a limited loading gauge, but you’ll just have to wait for the IRT Flushing Line post to find out what that is). To further complicate things, would you consider Marble Hill-225th St part of Manhattan? To this day the path of the original creek can be seen from satellite views, as the original Marble Hill neighborhood is quite dense and low-rise, whereas the newly created land is taken up by much less dense development. The station is located near the 240th St yard where (1) trains are stored and maintained. — Extends from Eastern parkway and Utica The mosaic tiling is limited to the small P. An to New Lots avenue in the Borough of Brooklyn. Note the much greater extent of the elevated lines in 1924. trees in the parkway. The (9) was a rush hour variant of the (1), with the two services operating a skip-stop pattern north of 137th St. 98th street near President street, where it emerges from the ground to This is now the western portion of 125th St, and passes through the Manhattan Valley we discussed at 125th St. At the time, the subway, known as the Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT) comprised of 28 stations in Manhattan. subway for the Interborough Company, and a two-track line for the New 2. Contractor, Newman & Carey Company, Inc. this station had the two express tracks plus a center track. It has no platform for its entire length, and as far as I know has never been used in regular service. Some relatives depths of stations in the Atlantic That was when the MTA opened a new entrance in the middle of Broadway with direct access to both express platforms. The reason why they have to remain separate is because of something called the loading gauge. bid, $2,195,296.25. The Junius St (3) train station and the Livonia Ave (L) train station are very close to each other, but no in-system free transfer exists yet between the two, although one was planned as part of the 202-2024 budget. area). When the subway first opened, trains from both the Broadway (local) and the Lenox (express) Lines could become either local or express trains south of 96th St, leading to congestion around the switches just north of 96th St. Only six IRT cars can fit in the station, so only the front five open their doors (IRT trains operate in two five car sets each controlled by the conductor individually). This is the northernmost station on Manhattan Island, but not the northernmost station in Manhattan. this LIRR connection is located at Summary of contractor's The 207th St yard is the primary storage yard for the C service, as well as a major overhaul and repair shop for both A and B division trains. It is one of the two divisions of the Lexington Avenue trunk from which it forks as a subway at about 135th Street in the Bronx. The other solution might be to use Track 1 and Track 4 as those are the local track numbers. 12, Section No. This track merges with a track from the BMT Canarsie Line, making this one of four places where the A division (number lines) and B division (letter lines) have a connection. under. The Cathedral of Cathedral Parkway, the alternate name for 110th Street, is the Cathedral of St. John the Divine. Express stations are often where passengers will transfer between local and express stations across the platform, and the IRT wanted to avoid that occurring at Penn Station, where cross platform transfers would be getting in the way of the passengers entering the subway from Penn Station. and Eastern parkway via East 98th street and Livonia avenue to New Cross-section of tracks at Hoyt St. Click to enlarge. This is also the last chance to transfer between New Lots and This station, however, is misspelled. Brooklyn IRT Map - Contract 2 Construction, Brooklyn IRT Map - Dual Contracts Construction. Sections A second tunnel Two tracks, two side platforms. This viaduct keeps the subway tracks relatively level across the valley, rather than having two very steep slopes in quick succession. pilasters, and the details are such as to make the vertical gaps It extends under Flatbush avenue tracks were added later and at that time, the center track was Both levels had provisions for a third track to be added, but only the upper level had it added. divides into three routes. The east-bound tracks are generally on the upper level, This This will result in a short climb and a longer descent for Stan Fischler's book The Subway, ", Brooklyn Joyful Over New Subway, New York Times, May 2, 1908. The junction is far enough to the south that 145th St could be lengthened to 10 cars, but the MTA doesn’t consider the cost justified. There is no station at 191st St (remember this didn’t come until 1911) but the location of 190th St is pointed out on the map. from the Borough Hall station serving the West Side IRT branch The station opened as Mott Ave in 1905, served by trains from the Lenox Ave Line. The express tracks are on the north side and the local tracks are on the south side of Utica Ave. You can see the tracks of the New Lots Line enter the portal at different heights just a few hundred feet east of the station in order to reach their respective levels. — This is a proposed three-track elevated railroad 12 is the Cranford Company, to whom it was let on This new bridge doubled the channels width, added a third subway track, and could lift to allow ships to pass under. This station has full windscreen. 29, and This became the IRT Broadway-7th Ave Line. Buffalo avenue, extending thence under private property towards East Welcome to the northernmost station in the system. There was on the south side of Avenue H between Nostrand and Flatbush 4 trains run up to Yankee Stadium and north, elevated, along Jerome Ave to Woodlawn. This station is physically separate There have been a number of plans for a subway under or over Utica Avenue, including this IRT plan as well as plans from the IND’s infamous (in transit circles at least) Second System plan. Between this station and the next (145th St) is the 137th St Yard, a five-track storage yard occasionally used to terminate trains before 242nd St. There are other places with this layout, but those are all just stations (like Lexington Ave-63rd St on the BMT/IND 63rd St Lines) rather than entire lines. You can see 91st St by looking out of the windows of (1) trains just before or just after 96th St. This height difference is caused by the line changing its own elevation, and giving the fast moving express trains a smoother slope to traverse while keeping the platform and therefore the local tracks level. A subway operator reported an explosion shortly after the first plane hit, and luckily service was halted after this report so no one in the subway was killed. The original station house for 72nd St is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (it still exists despite a new station house being built in 2002). Eastern Parkway runs along the top of this ridge line east of Prospect Park, so not much of a ramp is needed for the subway to move from underground (under Eastern Parkway) to an elevated structure, since the ground drops away significantly southeast of the Utica Ave station. 1-B. The MTA constructed a new South Ferry station for Broadway-7th Ave local trains, which opened in 2009. Built as a deep bore under the hills of northern Central Park, the tunnel has two sharp corners restricting train speed. St. Felix street and the Long Island Railroad Atlantic Avenue station Access to the unused platform is via a cellar-type space is used for various signal rooms and mechanical rooms. 137th St is also where one Barack Obama got his first taste of community organizing. We will come back to this map later, so I highly recommend that you open the image in a new tab for later. The yard is entirely elevated on concrete blocks, and takes up two full city blocks between Elton Street and Linwood Street to the east and west, and Hegeman Avenue and Stanley Avenue to the north and south. The east side line split from the original subway at 41st St and Park Ave, and continued north under Lexington Avenue to 125th St. No points for guessing which IRT line that became. Extensions to this line never happened. The connection between this station and West Farms Sq is a private right of way and doesn’t run along any roads. Now the old South Ferry station is only used to turn some Broadway-7th Ave and Lexington Ave trains around without stopping. 1 and 2. The Bay Ridge Branch would have also been used for a short jog to the west had the IRT line been extended along the Manhattan Beach Branch to Coney Island. (West Side) IRT lines join to form a four track line, with a local Under-River Tunnel Headings Meet (1916), Public Service Record, December, 1916. This building was demolished in the 1930’s when the building was redesigned, and the library only opened in 1941. The IRT would rather that passengers wanting to transfer between express and locals did it one stop north, at 42nd St. You may have read that last paragraph and wondered why in the world the IRT would make the station intended for cross platforms transfers 42nd St, since the whole justification for the unusual platform layout at 34th St was to segregate cross-platform transfers from people entering the system. In addition to this, a sharp S-curve connection was added west of the original lower level for direct access to the Lexington Ave Line. There is even a ramp at the Broadway entrance of the tunnel which is incredibly steep and seems to serve no real purpose. This station also has only two tracks, without a center express track, unlike all of the stations between 103rd and 145th Sts. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Museum. center I-beams between the local and express tracks read "Hoyt I will discuss this in more depth at 42nd St. In the IND Central Park West Line case, this layout is used in order to have the local platforms all be on the west side of the street, since the east side is Central Park. in a separate contract section known as Route No. Despite being incomplete, it is the sixth largest church in the world by area. 30 months. The station reopened on April 6th. The downtown local and express tracks would be moved slightly to the west allowing for a center express platform where the current downtown express track is. The Eastern Parkway line, known as Route No. The Eastern Parkway-Brooklyn Museum station had a small tower at the south Summary of contractor's The original route continued north of this station to a terminal called 180th St-Bronx Park. It was restricted, like many other never-realized extensions, by fiscal crises in 1929 and 1974, the burgeoning car culture of post-war America, but also by more practical considerations. Anything else that limits train size falls under loading gauge. Instead it is at 157th St, due to the fact that the next station north, 168th St, is at the intersection of Broadway and St. Nicholas Ave. 157th Street is more centrally located between there and 145th St. 157th St also has the distinction of being the first station added to the subway system after the original 28 stations, from City Hall to 145th St (on the Broadway Line, not Lenox), which were opened on October 27, 1904. The New Lots Line was elevated, and the Eastern Pkwy Line, built underneath higher elevation, is a subway. The cross street of the station is Henry St rather than Clark St, and the subway runs along Clark St. The IRT had planned in 1910 an extension along Flatbush Avenue and Eastern Parkway and this plan was solidified in 1913 with the signing of the Dual Contracts, which included an Eastern Pkwy Line. 1, … The Nostrand Ave Line was built in 1920, but what exists today was never meant to be the whole line. described above. That’s because 135th St is busy serving as the northern portal where the subway re-enters a tunnel from the Manhattan Valley Viaduct. 34th St comes after a stretch of three local stations from the south, and if it weren’t for 42nd St being express, there would be four local stations to the north. Bennet Park, located at 184th Street and Fort Washington Avenue on the western hill is the highest natural point in Manhattan, at 265 feet above sea level. The IRT 3rd Ave El opened in the area in 1887 and wasn’t demolished until 1973. The station has an active tower and crew quarters at platform level. A part of the New York City skyline with its copper mansard roof, The Pierre offers guests white glove luxury service. In 1917 a new connection to the 3rd Ave El called the Bergen Avenue Cutoff was added. There have been a surprising number of proposed extensions to the line, dating all the way back to when the line was first planned as part of the Dual Contracts, and as recently as 2016.